Updated for Fall 2022 semester: Please see our Coronavirus Response Site for the latest Boley Law Library information related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes any changes to building hours, borrowing, and ways you can receive support.
Major sources of international climate change law include the Paris Agreement, the Kyoto Protocol, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the decisions made by the UNFCCC in implementing these treaties.
For help decoding the many acronyms used in climate change law and science, see this glossary.
The Paris Agreement (TIAS 16-1104)
The Katowice Climate Package
The Kyoto Protocol (2303 U.N.T.S. 162)
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1771 U.N.T.S. 107)
The UNFCCC consists of multiple bodies tasked with implementing the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol, and the Paris Agreement. The main decision-making bodies are the COP (implementing the Convention as a whole), the CMP (implementing the Kyoto Protocol), and the CMA (implementing the Paris agreement). The decisions made by these bodies provide an additional source of international law that build upon the original treaties. You can find the text of these decisions using the UNFCCC Decisions Database or by browsing topics on the UNFCCC website.
UNFCCC decisions are titled according to decision number, the decision-making body, and session number. For example, "Decision 3/CMA.1" refers to the third decision made at the first session of the CMA.
Other UNFCCC Resources
Citing international agreements according to Bluebook format can be tricky. Which citation format you should use depends on whether the United States is party to a treaty. Making matters more complicated is the inconsistency in where U.S. treaties are published.
The quickest way to find where a treaty was published is to use HeinOnline's World Treaty Index. Search treaties by title to see associated treaty sources. Alternatively, try searching for a law review article that discusses the treaty and check the treaty sources cited in the article.
Citations to official treaty sources for the Paris Agreement, the Kyoto Protocol, and the UNFCCC are provided above. The best available publication for the Paris Agreement is the T.I.A.S., while the best available publication for the Kyoto Protocol and UNFCCC is the U.N.T.S.
CP = Conference of the Parties
CMA = Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement
CMP = Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
COP = Conference of the Parties
FCCC = Framework Convention on Climate Change
INDC = Intended Nationally Determined Contributions
IPCC = Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
NAP = National Adaptation Plan
NDC = Nationally Determined Contributions
PCCB = Paris Committee on Capacity-building
SBI = Subsidiary Body for Implementation
SBSTA = Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice
UNFCCC = United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
WIM = Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts
See this glossary for more.